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Enhancing Retirement Cash Flow with the New and Improved Reverse Mortgage

Part I: The Basic Retirement Planning Equation

Enhancing Retirement Cash Flow with the New and Improved Reverse Mortgage

Part I: The Basic Retirement Planning Equation

Retirees must fund an enjoyable lifestyle without working, which is no small feat. With fewer pensions, lackluster social security benefits, low-interest rates, and significant market volatility—hard-earned retirement savings may not last until age 90 or later.

Retirement is generally considered sustainable if total portfolio withdrawals during the first year of retirement are no higher than 4% of portfolio value (the so-called 4% rule). But it turns out even 4% could be too much if retirees suffer a market downturn in early retirement. Or any number of other things can go wrong.

So, what can retirees do to enhance their retirement chances without working longer, spending less, or taking additional market risk?

It could be done with the recently revamped reverse mortgage   This financial tool allows retirees to access their home equity and, more importantly, enhance their retirement cash flow.

Let’s look at a hypothetical retirement projection to show how a reverse mortgage could help.

Part II: Conventional Retirement Planning – A Hypothetical Scenario

Here are the basic planning assumptions:  Retirement last twenty-three years for a couple that retires at age 67 and until age 90.  We’ll also assume annual post-tax expenses are $75,000 growing at 3% annually, for inflation.  Lastly, we will also assume that the couple achieves 5% average annual growth on their investment accounts, after fees and taxes.

Here are the sources of income and assets:  

  1. Social Security- Combined $3,600 per month at full retirement age, ($43,200 total in year one), increasing at 1.5% annually;
  2. Pension- $10,000 per year with zero growth;
  3. Savings- $600,000 total in retirement and investment accounts; and
  4. Other Non-Liquid Assets(If Necessary) – Home equity of $350,000 (primary residence worth $500,000 with a remaining mortgage balance of $150,000.   The monthly mortgage payment is roughly $1,800, or $21,600 annually, for the next fifteen years.   

Verdict?

They might make it. The plan calls for a withdrawal rate of 3.6% ($21,800 in year one).  Using a basic analysis, these retirees will need roughly $450,000 to reach age 90 without running out of money.  But keep in mind this analysis doesn’t account for things like market downturns or health issues, either of which could derail retirement plans much earlier. 

Conventional “Solutions”

Any good retirement planner would see the red flags here and understand that these retirees are very susceptible to the “retirement boogie men” of market downturns or costly health issues. 

No potential retiree wants to stop working with this level of risk. Traditionally, advisors have encouraged working longer, spending less or investing more aggressively. None of these are great solutions.  

There’s nothing worse than telling someone that they can’t retire after years of hard work and saving, but in this case, there’s no other option.

Or is there?

Part III: The “New” Reverse Mortgage

The reverse mortgage has a bad reputation due to versions that existed prior to a recent regulatory overhaul. In 2012 the federal government rewrote the reverse mortgage regulations.  Now, a reverse mortgage could be a lifeline of tax-free cash flow to individuals who might otherwise not be able to retire.

What Is a Reverse Mortgage?

reverse mortgage is a line of credit against the equity in a homeowner’s primary residence.  But unlike traditional home loans, there are no monthly payments required.  Instead, the lender (usually a bank), is repaid, with interest, upon the sale of the primary residence or death of the borrower.

Our retirees in the above example had about $350,000 in home equity. If they applied for a reverse mortgage, they might have an available line of credit up to $268,000 (based on certain guidelines). 

Upon opening the reverse mortgage, the current mortgage (and any ongoing payment) would go away. This amounts to an immediate annual savings of $21,600 for our hypothetical retirees.

Of the total $268,000 line of credit, a significant portion is taken away at closing to pay off the existing mortgage and cover closing costs.  Here, $150,000 would go to the first mortgage and about $22,000 to closing costs, leaving roughly $96,000 for the retirees to cover living expenses, etc.  

But here is the real planning piece.  After paying off the original mortgage, living expenses in the first year of retirement are now only $200, rather than $21,600 before, which could be funded with savings, or through their line of credit. 

This allows our retirees to let their retirement savings grow, virtually untouched, for years.

Here’s a side by side comparison of the original scenario vs. using the reverse mortgage:

You can see the variance begins immediately. The reverse mortgage allows this couple to thrive in retirement.

I should mention that, while the couple incurred debt, they continued their same living arrangements and likely died with equity in their home. But keep in mind that even if their home went underwater, it’s of no concern to them (unless they wanted to leave their house to heirs), which leads us to the question of…

What’s the Downside?

This planning strategy seems great but almost too good to be true. There’s something that seems wrong with, essentially, taking on additional debt to fund retirement. Many would be retirees have one simple question—what happens if the property depreciates below the value of the outstanding mortgage?

Who holds the bag? The answer: The Federal Government.

And this is exactly what makes a reverse mortgage so attractive.  Let’s assume in our above example that one day after they close on their reverse mortgage, and a significant amount has been drawn from their credit line, the real estate market tumbles and the value of their home falls by 40%.

This has little, if any, an effect on our retirees. They still have access to the same amount of credit. If they must move, or they pass away and sell the home into a buyer’s market at an amount significantly less than what they owe, they have no obligation. They’re in no worse of a position than if they hadn’t taken out the reverse mortgage.

Let’s assume that upon opening the loan, the value of the home drops from $500k to $300k (about 40%).  Without the reverse mortgage line of credit, this would be troubling to our retirees.  Although not underwater, they’ll have to continue making mortgage payments but their net worth just got reduced by $200k.  A hit to the cash flow and the balance sheet.

With a reverse mortgage, the retirees aren’t necessarily concerned with the “paper” value of their home. Their new asset is the line of credit, which grows at a specific rate per month irrespective of property values.  In the above situations, with the house depreciating, the retirees would still have: a) no monthly mortgage payment; and (b) access to $90k of tax-free cash.

If the property went underwater with an outstanding loan of say, $250,000, and a fair market value of $200,000, the loss of $50k would be absorbed by the federal government. 

Reverse Mortgages Can Be Powerful, but They Aren’t for Everyone

A reverse mortgage may not be for you if your goal is to leave the family home to your children, or if you otherwise wish to have some legacy assets upon death.  Although there is a chance that the real estate will appreciate higher than the rate of the mortgage, some can’t take the risk of not passing on a cherished family asset (the home) to their heirs.   

Also, people should solidify their living arrangements prior to taking out a reverse mortgage.  That is, don’t open a reverse mortgage if you plan to downsize in a few years as the closings costs may be prohibitive.

Additional Benefits

The benefits outlined above apply to a very basic retirement problem—how can I make my money last through retirement?  The reverse mortgage can help solve that issue, but it can also do more. 

  1. Enhance Social Security.  In our scenario, we assumed that the retirees started taking Social Security at their full retirement age of 67.  But if they defer to age 70, their benefit would be 32% higher.  Why not use the line of credit to supplement income for three years and then take the higher benefit at age 70?   
  1.  Contingency Planning.  Long-term care insurance is the major contingency risk for retirees. In the event that a retiree loses the ability to carry out activities of daily living, they may require permanent care from a professional, either at home or in a facility. This care can be prohibitively expensive without insurance in place.  A reverse mortgage might provide the funds to buy a safety net.  

Conclusion

A reverse mortgage is a financial tool that can significantly increase the chances of a successful retirement.  Anyone with significant equity in their homes should consider this option as a means of reaching basic retirement goals, providing funds for contingency planning, or even creating a line of credit that grows tax-free without a very clear downside.

If you are interested in learning more about reverse mortgages and how they could increase your chances of a successful retirement, then schedule an appointment with Claro Advisors today.

 

Disclosure:   Claro Advisors, LLC ("Claro") is a registered investment advisor with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC"). Information contained in this post is for educational purposes only and is not to be considered investment advice. Claro provides individualized advice only after obtaining all necessary background information from a client. Please contact us here with any questions.

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Disclosure: Claro Advisors LLC ("Claro") is a Registered Investment Advisor with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC") based in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. Registration of an Investment Advisor does not imply any specific level of skill or training. Information contained herein is for educational purposes only and is not to be considered investment advice. Claro provides individualized advice only after obtaining all necessary background information from a client. Disclosures and Terms of Use. 

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